8 main points for you to understand the horizontal belt conveyor

The horizontal belt conveyor is indispensable in the normal crushing production or sand making process. In fact, it is not just crushing or sand making, it is the basis of all automated production. There must be equipment to realize automated production, and the horizontal belt conveyor is the most basic part of these automated production equipment, because it is like a blood vessel, connecting these equipment, so that production can be automated.

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor


What is a horizontal belt conveyor?

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor

A horizontal belt conveyor is a device that connects various parts when the machine is working, and transfers materials from the previous machine to the next machine, which plays a connecting role. It is like the blood vessels of a machine, and it will be transported continuously as long as the machine is still working. It is an indispensable link in the realization of automated production. Without it, automation will be paralyzed just like the human body has no blood vessels.

Why use a horizontal belt conveyor?

The most important point is that it can realize automatic production. If there is no equipment, the machines are not connected together during production, and the materials need to be manually transferred from the previous machine to the next machine, which is time-consuming and labor-intensive, and there is no way to ensure that the same materials can be delivered every time. Go to the next machine, so not only ensure the connection of the machine after use, but also ensure that the machine can work at a normal and uniform speed.

What does a horizontal belt conveyor consist of?

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor

The main components are: motor, deceleration belt, roller, bracket, idler, conveyor belt and counterweight. Among them, the conveyor belt is in direct contact with the conveying material, so it is a very important part.

The ordinary conveyor belt has the characteristics of smooth and flat surface, and can be divided into cover layers from the structure: it is divided into upper and lower rubber layers, which are respectively glued to the outside of the belt core layer, and different rubber formulations are determined by the use conditions; : This is the skeleton, the main body that bears the load, and it is also the choice of fabrics of different strengths according to the material, which can be single-layer or multi-layer; isolation layer: used to bond the tape core, and choose different formulas according to the different tape cores.

The development history of horizontal belt conveyor?

The conveyor has also become what it is now after continuous development. Its development process can be roughly divided into:

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor

The first stage: This is the early stage of development, from the second half of the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century, mainly using natural rubber and cotton canvas as the main materials, using multi-layer lamination and flat plate segment vulcanization for production.

The second stage: mainly refers to the 10 years of great development of conveyors around the 1970s. There have been many use of synthetic rubber, chemical fiber canvas and steel wire rope to replace traditional cloth, with multi-layer one-step forming, flat drum continuous vulcanization production, to achieve large-scale, long-distance transportation.

The third stage: refers to the period of technological change, characterized by long service life, high power of the horizontal belt conveyor, the use of thermoplastics, and the conveyor begins to achieve lightweight.

The fourth stage: Since the 1990s, technology has entered an era of simplified structure and process, focusing on environmental protection and beautification, and the production and processing of fabrics such as integrally formed, non-vulcanized, and aramid fibers.

Types of Horizontal Belt Conveyors?

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor

At present, there are many types on the market, which are classified according to their uses: general purpose, flame retardant and antistatic, general flame retardant, heat resistance, high temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, oil resistance, and cold resistance; according to the material structure, they are classified as: ordinary cotton Canvas, nylon, polyester, steel wire rope core, pvc whole core, pvg whole core, steel cable and these materials; classified by product structure: layered, whole core, steel wire rope, steel cable, tubular, pattern, rib, reduced layer These.

What are the main uses of horizontal belt conveyors now?

In many industries, it is indispensable. It can help reduce production time and reduce overall labor costs. For example, factory assembly lines are always used to help increase efficiency. Even small retail stores have placements at the checkout to keep items moving before and after they are scanned. In fact, almost every industry uses it.

Some of these industries include food and beverage processing, pharmaceuticals, waste management, the shredding industry, mining, mail sorting and printing. It’s even common in engines. Without it, facilities in these industries would never be able to operate efficiently, moving and sorting goods through manual labor, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive, and inefficient.

How to adjust the deviation of horizontal belt conveyor?

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor
  • Adjust the tensioning mechanism: When the conveyor is working, if it deviates to one side regardless of whether there is a load or not, this means that the tightness of the left and right sides of the conveyor is different, and the screw or counterweight of the tensioning mechanism should be adjusted; if If the deviation does not have a fixed direction, it means that the conveyor is too loose, just adjust the tensioning mechanism.
  • Adjust the drum: If the deviation is at the drum, it means that the drum is not installed properly, and the levelness and parallelism of the drum should be re-adjusted.
  • Adjust the idler bracket: If it has been deviated to one side when it is not loaded, increase the bracket on the deviated side appropriately, or move the bracket to the conveying direction.
  • Keep the machine clean: If there is material on the drum or idler, it will make the machine deviate, so it is necessary to clean up the stuck material in time.
  • Adjust the feeding angle: If it is fine when it is empty, but it deviates when it is loaded, it means that the feeding position is wrong, and the feeding opening should be adjusted.
  • Replacing the conveyor belt: After the machine works for a long time, the conveyor belt will be worn. If the wear on both sides is different, it will also cause deviation. At this time, the conveyor belt can be replaced.

At the same time, if the entire production line is automated and unmanned, an automatic correction deflection device can be directly installed, which can be automatically adjusted to prevent deviation.

How to choose a horizontal belt conveyor?

There are many types of horizontal belt conveyors, so how can you choose a horizontal belt conveyor that is most suitable for you? In fact, it is very simple, because each horizontal belt conveyor is special and can be freely selected and matched. It mainly depends on what you want to use it for and what it is used for conveying. If it is conveying food, of course, it is different from conveying minerals. So once you know your needs, you can choose just right.

A photo of a horizontal belt conveyor

Do you have a deeper understanding of the horizontal belt conveyor through this article? Especially the part about the deviation of the horizontal belt conveyor mentioned in this article, if you encounter this situation in the future, you can open this article to continue reading; at the same time, if you have other questions you want to know, you can leave a message in the comment area , we’ll answer your questions one by one, or continue reading our other articles.

Leave a Comment